What is GitHub? Introduction and acquaintance with github
Git is the most common program used today for sharing software, and GitHub is one of the largest tools for hosting repositories. git It is on the Internet. Using the GitHub platform, you can upload your git repositories to this website so that your code is available to other users in different parts of the world. By familiarizing yourself with GitHub, you can collaborate with other software developers in the coding process. Also, if you are familiar with how GitHub works, you can follow a project on GitHub and even check blockchain projects that you might want to contribute to. In this article, while you will understand what github is, you will also learn how to use GitHub to create, manage and publish content. Stay with us.
What is GitHub?
Have you ever heard the term software open source (Open Source) or have you heard of open source? Open source software is code created by developers and made freely available to other users around the world to download, modify, and use in other projects. GitHub is the largest host of open source software on the web, where you can use the code and help improve it.
GitHub is a cloud-based website and service that helps developers store and manage their code, as well as track and control changes to their code. To fully understand how GitHub works, you need to be familiar with two key elements:
- Version control
In the following, we will explain these two principles. Next, we’ll talk about how to use GitHub to work with WordPress.
What is Git?
Git is an open source distributed version control system created in 2005 by Linus Torvalds. Using git, the entire code base and its change history are available. After you make changes to the code base, save from git File structure (commits) you use. As a result, git allows easy branching and merging of codebases. Using Git makes version control and collaboration between people and teams much easier. According to a Stack Overflow developer survey, over 87% of developers use Git.
What is version control?
Controlling code versions is exactly similar to saving the stages of a game. For example, let’s say you saved the game before entering the final stage, but because you didn’t collect the necessary points in the previous stages, you can’t succeed. To fix this problem, you can go back to the saved version of your game in the previous steps and go through the steps again to collect the necessary points. Provided you have created a separate copy of the game to save each stage.
With the expansion of a software project, access to versions becomes necessary. The version control feature helps developers track changes to the code of a software project Tracking and management do Open source version control allows multiple people to make separate changes at the same time. It also encourages teams to work together to create and edit their content simultaneously.
How does GitHub work?
GitHub is a web-based interface that hosts the repository Git It offers cloud-based. Without Github, using Git generally requires technical knowledge and mastery of the command line. The GitHub interface is user-friendly, so that even novice coders can take advantage of Git. Some people even use GitHub to manage other types of projects, such as writing books.
You can also go to the GitHub website and search for a software and download its source code to your computer or clone do. When you clone a repository, you get the entire code history of that git repository on your PC. You can then see changes that previous developers have made to the code, check out older versions, and even make your own changes.
Suppose a program is given to you to add a special feature to it. When a developer wants to work on a specific part of the code base, in this case, if he directly accesses the original (official) source code and edits it, the security of information may be compromised. Also, failure of your project can ruin the whole program. Therefore, it is better to create a copy of the program instead of creating the feature in the main branch and run the feature on that copy. Version control allows developers to safely work on the original source code through branching and merging. With batching, any developer can copy a part of the source code (repository) and safely make changes to that part of the code without affecting the rest of the project. That way, once that piece of code is tested and working properly, developers can integrate that code back into the main code. After you finish developing the desired feature, ask your teammates to review your code. If you get their approval, you can safely merge your special feature branch into the master branch. Moreover, all these changes will be traceable and can be reverted if necessary.
GitHub is a vital tool for development teams
You may have heard of GitHub as a program used to store code on the web. But in reality, GitHub is much more than a safe place to keep code in the cloud. GitHub with purpose Create a common interface it was made. In addition to being a simple repository, GitHub is a complete ecosystem with sophisticated social networks that allow individual developers to contribute to multiple teams and projects. GitHub is also a tool that local and distributed teams use to collaborate on projects.
GitHub allows multiple developers to work on a given project simultaneously. When you have multiple developers working on the same file, problems can arise when re-merging different versions. The git version control system in GitHub is the solution to the problem of conflicting versions. With the help of GitHub, developers can simultaneously create solutions to problems that arise during the development process. As a result, repeated or contradictory tasks are prevented and the final production time is reduced. This type of collaboration can help produce a higher level of quality control.
Getting to grips with GitHub jargon may seem overwhelming at first, but the more team members interact with the platform, the easier it will be to grasp its ins and outs. Common terms that teams need to understand when using GitHub include:
- repository (repo): The folder where all files with modified version history are stored.
- Branch: A separate workspace where you can make changes that will not affect the original source.
- Mark Dunn (md): A way to write to Github that converts plain text to GitHub code. Sites like Atom and Sublime Text are examples of free resources for developers using Markdown.
- List of changes (Commit): A record of changes stored in a file in the repository.
- Submission Request (PR): A way to request the merging of changes made by one section into another section that allows other users to see and discuss the changes.
- Merge: After the request is approved, the changes are sent from one branch to another and then deployed to the main site.
- New topic (Issues): How to track work when using git. This feature allows users to report new tasks and modified content, as well as track project progress from start to finish.
How to work with the main functions and features of GitHub
GitHub’s main process for editing and making changes in the codes has four main stages, which are called Introduction Sequence, and finally the rebasing stage. These steps are:
- Create a committing repository
- Branch management branching
- Send pulling request
- merging changes merging
In the following, we briefly explain each of the above items:
Repositories or repos for short can be created by anyone. Anyone can register on GitHub and host a public code repository for free. Each repository is typically used for a separate project. GitHub repositories are publicly available by default. However, making changes to the core codebase requires permission and approval from the repository administrator. Of course, users can keep their projects private for a small fee. In this case, the repository owner determines who can view or copy the code. GitHub repositories are one of the main technical elements of any project, including blockchain projects, whose review can determine the project’s credibility.
When someone wants to make changes to a code repository, they create a separate branch of the current version of the code, or the master branch, which is actually like a copy of it. The developer will work on this new branch until the feature is complete. Then the developer saves the code in the new branch and then sends a pull request. This way team members can review the new code and then the admin can approve its merge into the master branch. Finally, the code is merged into the main branch and the new branch can be deleted.
GitHub social network
Since GitHub is collaborative in nature, another key feature is its social network. Users can upload their photos and resume, follow other users and favorite their projects. Each user’s profile shows the number of followers, a list of repositories they have access to, and even the number of times they have participated in past sessions. On the other hand, they can form teams or organizations. Administrators of these teams can control the access of members. Today, many companies use GitHub, so familiarity with it is absolutely necessary to enter the job market. GitHub makes money by selling privately hosted code repositories, as well as offering business apps that focus on managing team members and file security.
Create site content on GitHub
GitHub can also be used to create, edit, and update Web 3 content. Changes can be made by any member of the development team and even people outside the team who have access to the repository. Federalist is a platform that can securely deploy a website from a GitHub repository to the Net in minutes, allowing users to preview changes. The following is a step-by-step method by which GitHub users can develop their website using Federated:
- Team members open an issue through the project board.
- Team members from the latest version of the main branch (main branch) in the repository create a new branch for the entire team to work on.
- Members of the editing and modification record team.commit) are added to their respective sections.
- Team members open a posting request that can invite other team members to review content changes and discuss the details of the change record.
- Team members can view the changes in the test version of the website and ask reviewers to approve or comment on the change.
- After waiting for the federalist build to complete, once the reviewers have approved the push request, the commits are merged into the master branch and published to the site.
Meanwhile, GitHub users can write their content on an external word processor or Google Docs while doing a project and then save these files in their respective project boards. These steps allow developers and content creators to have an original version of the file and compare it to changes made during a project.
What is GitHub? Introducing and familiarizing with github for the first time on Valx blog. appeared.